"The attitude of aggressive, emotional, paranoid, and hostile to others who demonstrated severe mental disorders, some communities memasung their families suffering from mental disorders. In fact, it is a symptom of disease, "said Director of Mental Health, Ministry of Health, Irmansyah, in Jakarta, Friday (7 / 10).
Society still considers severe mental disorder is not a medical issue, but as a "disease" caused by demons or possessed by a curse. This makes the efforts of medical conditions that do actually get a rejection from family.
Health Research Association 2007 Kemkes shows, people with severe mental disorders in Indonesia reached 0.46 percent, or about 1 million people. The highest prevalence in Jakarta (2.03 percent), Aceh (1.9 percent), and West Sumatra (1.6 percent).
In addition to the deprivation, mental health disorders cause a variety of social issues, ranging from divorce, suicide, fights, domestic violence, use of narcotic and addictive substances, to unemployment and poverty.
Mental health facilities are very limited. According to the Directorate General of Health Efforts Secretary, Ministry of Health, Adi Kuntjoro Purjanto, currently there are 48 mental hospitals with 7716 beds. The role of private sector is still small.
However, many psychiatric hospitals proposed change of status into a public hospital. As for paying less attention to the general hospital mental health services.
Mental health workers is very limited. Standard World Health Organization (WHO) said the ideal ratio of mental health specialist (psychiatrist) with the population is 1: 30,000. However, in Indonesia, the ratio of psychiatrists and 0.22 reach a new population: 100,000.
"Currently there are only about 600 psychiatrists," said Irmansyah.
Health Minister reminded Sedyaningsih Endang Rahayu, mental health experts to prepare a management plan with a mature mental health. Looking ahead, the potential for mental disorders will increase as economic growth. "If it's too late to anticipate, it takes a huge cost to care for and treat it," he said.